About Alanya

The History of Alayna 

The history of Alanya dates back to ancient times (B.C 20,000 -17,000) according to an archaeological excavation. Alanya district is within the borders of Antalya province, 135 kilometers from the city center, and is located on the Mediterranean coast. It is not yet known when and by whom Alanya was founded for the first time. The oldest known name of the city is Korakesium. In the Byzantine period, it was named Kalanoros. In the 13th century, the name of the city was changed to Alaiye when Allaaddin Keykubat (1200-1237), one of the 1st Anatolian Seljuk Rulers, took the castle. Atatürk, who visited the city in 1935, named it Alanya.

According to the 2012 data of the Turkish Statistical Institute, the population in the Alanya settlement, which is one of the most important factors that constitute the social structure, was found to be 264,912. Alanya draws attention as one of our regions that receives the most immigration in terms of population. Statistical data show that the population in Alanya increases by 5% every year with internal and external migration. Alanya, which increases nearly four times in the summer, looks like a town in the winter, and a big city in the summer, is becoming more crowded than many city centers in Turkey.

The New History of Alanya

When we look at the new history of Alanya, Along with its natural and cultural attractions, we see that Alanya has entered a rapid urbanization process with domestic and foreign migration as a result of tourism investments and accelerated touristic movements, especially after the 1980s. Although there are signs that the first foreign tourists came to Alanya in the 1920s, Alanya tourism first started in 1948 with the discovery of the Damlataş Cave. In 1948, the need for stone for the construction of Alanya Pier emerged, and it is a coincidence that the area determined as a quarry as a result of this need was Damlataş Cave and it pioneered the start of Alanya tourism.

The history of Alanya is shedding light  from the past to the present and now it has been on the rise with especially its tourism. Alanya has an important share in the country’s tourism. Thanks to the tourism breakthrough that started in the 1980s, the city took its present form. At first, apart-hotels were concentrated in the district, today there are many types and types of touristic facilities, from facilities with a capacity of 1,000 people to gigantic facilities with a capacity of 3,500 people.

The Tourism History of Alanya

If we mention about tourism history of Alanya, We can say that the economy of the city is completely based on agriculture and tourism. The service sector is well developed. Consumption of almost all of the services and goods produced takes place in the touristic hotels in the vicinity. Alanya is a city with tourism opportunities and facilities in all four seasons. In Alanya, especially cultural tourism, sea, sports, health, winter, congress, plateau, cave, camping and faith tourism can be done, and there are facilities for these tourism options. Although Alanya stands out with its summer tourism, it is also one of the country’s leading cities in winter tourism. Saklıkent Ski Center in Alanya is the facility that keeps the city ahead in winter tourism.

In terms of congress tourism, Alanya also has the opportunity to hold important meetings for guests from all over the world, with its ease of transportation and diversity of transportation opportunities, offering many tourism and recreation opportunities and a total capacity of more than 106.000 seats. Shortly, the history of Alanya begins with tourism and ends with tourism, too.

The Education History of Alanya

When we search about the education history of Alanya, We see that there are two universities in Alanya, a State and a Foundation. They are;

Alanya Alaaddin Keykubat University is a state university established in 2015. Before Alanya Alaaddin Keykubat University was established, Faculty of Medicine, Faculty of Engineering, Faculty of Education and Communication Faculty, Alanya Chamber of Commerce and Industry Vocational School, Gazipaşa Mustafa Rahmi Büyükballı Vocational School , and Akseki Vocational School were affiliated to Akdeniz University, another state university in Antalya. In 2015, it was affiliated to Alanya Alaaddin Keykubat University.

Alanya Hamdullah Emin Paşa University is a foundation university established in 2011 in Alanya. Hamdullah Emin Paşa University, whose foundation was laid on a 16-decare land allocated by Cikcilli Municipality in Alanya, was built by Nimet-Abdurrahman Alaettinoğlu. So when we confront with history of Alanya in education field, we also fully understand that the education in Alanya is completely changed today.